Robbing from Point Peter to Pay Paul

An Update on the Future of Point Peter and Vicinity

Point Peter

Point Peter

Point Peter is located at the mouth of Point Peter Creek and the St. Mary’s River at the southeastern tip of Georgia, USA. This forlorn place was once the scene of great hustle and bustle, when the U.S. Army and U.S. Navy established it as a base of operations. In the 1790s, this spot was located at the international border of the U.S. and Spanish-held East Florida. The young U.S. Navy berthed many of their coastal gunboats at Point Peter. The U.S. Army established Fort Point Peter, which was by all accounts a most miserable duty station. The fort was attacked and burned by the British forces under Admiral Cockburn in January, 1815. This battle, which took place after peace was declared between the U.S. and Great Britain, was one of the few battles fought on Georgia soil in the War of 1812.

Point Peter was largely forgotten about 10 years ago. I began researching the place as part of a broader study of Georgia’s pre-Civil War period military fortifications. In the middle of my research, however, the proposed development of the area was announced by Land Resources. I hurried the completion of my manuscript on Point Peter and the other early forts along the St. Marys River in Georgia. That report is posted online (.pdf format) for free public download at the LAMAR Institute’s website. I sent a few dozen copies of that report to interested parties, or parties who should have been interested, and a flurry of bureaucratic events then followed. The end result is that the firm of Brockington & Associates was retained by Land Resources to survey and excavate portions of the Point Peter tract. I was not involved in that part of the story and I have not seen any reports of their work yet. I look forward to reading their version. The National Park Service has an exhibit in St. Marys that includes the Point Peter story. I went there to see it yesterday (August 6, 2008) with my niece from Thibadoux, Louisiana, but it was closed when it was supposed to be open. Waaah!!

To read my report, follow this link:

or click here:


To learn about the NPS exhibit in St. Marys, follow these links:

To learn more about the natural resources threatened by the proposed marinas, follow this link:

The story of Point Peter is deeply intertwined with that of Fort Hawkins, Georgia, which was another major U.S. Army post in the period before, during and after the War of 1812. But Fort Hawkins is another story covered elsewhere in this blog and at various locations online.

The story of Point Peter is an active one, as the newspaper article below demonstrates.

From the Atlanta-Journal Constitution:

Lawsuit could have far-reaching effect on Ga. coast
Development near Cumberland Island raises question of state’s responsibility on marinas, community docks

The Atlanta Journal-Constitution
Published on: 05/19/08 The Georgia Supreme Court heard arguments Monday in a case that could determine development along the state’s 100-mile coastline for generations.

The question the court is expected to answer is whether the 1970 Coastal Marshlands Protection Act requires the state to regulate the way land is developed behind marinas, community docks and bridges. This is the first time the state’s highest court will rule on the state law many environmentalists laud as Georgia’s most visionary environmental protection.

Center for a Sustainable Coast vs. Coastal Marshlands Protection Committee pits Georgia and an Atlanta developer against several environmental groups. The state and the developer, Atlantan J. Robert Ward, argued that the state’s power does not extend beyond the proposed marinas and community docks at Cumberland Harbour, a 1,085-house residential resort near the town of St. Marys.

The community, under construction on a peninsula surrounded mostly by tidal marshes, is in sight of the Cumberland Island National Seashore. Lots are being sold for $150,000 to $750,000. Forty houses have been built and 925 sites have been sold, the developer said.

Michael Landrum of Alpharetta, an early buyer in 2002, has been waiting to build on his lot until the case is resolved. He expected the marinas and docks to be under construction by now.

“We wouldn’t have wanted to buy into a place that was going to let development destroy the natural beauty,” Landrum said.

The lawsuit challenges a state permit issued to the developer in March 2005 that would allow more than 800 boats of all sizes in wet slips and dry dock storage in two marinas. It would be the largest marina complex on the Georgia coast, with 3.2 miles of docks, board walks and slips.

Environmentalists argue the state is obligated to protect the marshes from polluted runoff created by the houses, streets and other development around marinas and docks. They want the state to require the developer to prohibit any structures near the marsh and to filter, clean and reduce storm water runoff discharged into the marsh.

At stake, they say, are Georgia’s 382,000 acres of tidal marshes. The protective ribbon of sinewy gray-green grass outlining estuaries and tidal rivers is the nursery for crab, shrimp and some fish species.

The court has until the end of November to rule.

On Monday, the justices did not indicate how they might decide.

In their court filing, the environmentalists likened the state-owned marshlands to a state park and said the state “must balance the use of state-owned marshes for private benefit against the public’s interest in its property.”

An attorney for Ward, the developer who owns Point Peter LLP and Orlando-based Land Resource, argued he is already doing more than state and local laws require by leaving a 35-foot natural buffer between the marsh and construction instead of 25 feet. The development also has several storm-water ponds for collection.

Also, to protect the marshes, only 92 of a possible 300 private docks will be built, said the developer.

Will Hurst, spokesman for Land Resource, said it’s in the developer’s interest to protect the marsh. “That’s what we’re selling access to. . . vast marshes overlooking Cumberland Island,” he said.

A Proposed Search for the U.S. Gunboats at Home Port Point Peter

Click here:

for information on:

The St Marys Gunboat Project
Phases 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
The Search for U.S. Navy Gunboats No. 161 & No. 164

A Historical Initiative Sponsored By:
Navy League of the United States,
Greater Golden Isles Council & Camden Kingsbay Council


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