Bonaventure Cemetery GPR Demonstration 2007

Besty Shirk, Michael Shirk & Rita Folse Elliott

Betsy Shirk, Michael Shirk & Rita Folse Elliott

GPR Capability

The LAMAR Institute, Inc.

P.O. Box 2992

Savannah, Georgia 31402

Introduction

The LAMAR Institute is a 501(c) (3) organization whose mission is to conduct archaeological and historical research and educate the public about archaeology and history. The focus of the organization is on the Southeastern U.S. In 2001, the organization added Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) survey to its list of offered archaeological services. GPR survey is useful for creating 3-D subsurface maps of various cultural features, such as cemeteries and human graves, cellars, fortification ditches, and buried debris fields.

Field Methods

The LAMAR Institute GPR Team uses a RAMAC X3M Ground Penetrating Radar system (developed by Mala GeoScience). Shielded 500 MHz and 800 MHz antennae are used. Areas are typically surveyed with parallel radargrams spaced at 50 cm intervals. The GroundVision software program is used for data collection. Once it is collected, GPR field data is post-processed using Easy3D and GPR-Slice software. The field survey is accomplished by a two-person team.

Laboratory Analysis and Reporting

The GPR survey includes post-processing of the data and completion of a GPR Survey report. A series of GPR plan maps and side (profile views) are generated and included in the report. These maps will be annotated to areas of interest, which will be addressed in the report narrative. Examples of The LAMAR Institute’s GPR Survey reports are found on our website at http://lamarinstitute.org/reports.htm. Relevant GPR project reports found on this website include Report Numbers 61, 64, 73, 76, 88, and 102.

Staff and Corporate Qualifications

Mr. Daniel T. Elliott serves as top GPR specialist at the LAMAR Institute. Mr. Elliott has more than 32 years experience in professional archaeology in Georgia. He has served as Principal Investigator on dozens of archaeological projects in the Southeastern U.S. both large and small. He is recognized as a professional field archaeologist by the Register of Professional Archaeologists (RPA) and is a member in good standing (and past President of) the Georgia Council of Professional Archaeologists (GCPA). Mr. Elliott received his M.A. degree in 1980 in Anthropology from the University of Georgia and has since been employed by federal, state, and private corporations as an archaeologist. He currently serves as President of The LAMAR Institute, which is a non-profit organization in Georgia whose mission is to conduct archaeological research and promote education about archaeology and history in the Southeastern U.S. Mr. Elliott is trained and has more than seven years experience in the use of Ground Penetrating Radar on archaeological sites in Georgia and South Carolina.

Mr. Elliott has participated in GPR field training exercises in Denver, Colorado, Alexandria, Louisiana, Fort Frederica National Monument, Glynn County, Georgia and Athens,Georgia. These include classes taught by Dr. Larry Conyers and Dr. Dean Goodman. Both of these gentlemen are distinguished experts in the field of GPR survey and analysis, particularly in its application to archaeological sites. Mr. Elliott also has extensive experience in documenting and delineating historic and prehistoric sites in the Southeastern U.S. by using more traditional research methods.

A list of the LAMAR Institute’s past GPR projects include:

Georgia

  • New Ebenezer and Jerusalem Cemetery, Effingham County
  • Horton House and DuBignon Cemetery, Jekyll Island, Glynn County
  • Sunbury, Sunbury Cemetery, and Fort Morris, Liberty County
  • Hope VI Development, Waldburg Street Site, Savannah, Chatham County,
  • Sansavilla Bluff, Wayne County
  • Woodbine Mound and historic cemetery, Camden County
  • North End Plantation, Ossabaw Island, Chatham County
  • Jones Cemetery, Greenwood Plantation, Thomas County
  • Bethel-Gould Cemetery, Chatham County
  • Gwinnett-Bosomworth Plantation, Liberty County
  • Fort St. Andrews, Camden County
  • Bullshead Bluff Cemetery, Camden County
  • St. Simons Village, Glynn County
  • Fort Hawkins, Bibb County
  • Nash Farm Battlefield, Henry County
  • Genesis Point Plantation, 4 Aboriginal Sites, Bryan County
  • Drudi Tract, Tybee Island, Chatham County
  • Railroad Ward, Savannah, Chatham County
  • Savannah Revolutionary War Battlefield, Chatham County

South Carolina

  • Beaufort National Cemetery Expansion, Beaufort County
  • Coosaw Island Community Center, Beaufort County
  • Theus Plantation, Beaufort County

Pricing

The LAMAR Institute has a competitive pricing schedule for their GPR Survey work. The amount of area that can be covered on a weekly or daily basis is contingent on the ground conditions. Generally, survey can be accomplished at a rate of 1,600 square meters per day, or about two acre per week.

Daniel Thornton Elliott, Curriculum Vitae

Education

B.A., Anthropology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 1976

M.A., Anthropology, University of Georgia, Athens, 1980

Revolutionary War and War of 1812 Survey Training Course, Cultural Resources GIS, National Park Service, Horseshoe Bend, Alabama, 2001

Ground Penetrating Radar Training Course, Mala GeoScience USA, Charleston, SC, 2002

GPR Training Course, Larry Conyers, Denver University, Denver, CO, 2003

ArcGIS Training Course, ESRI, Charlotte, NC, 2004

GPR-Slice Training Course, v. 4.0 & v.5.0, Dean Goodman & USFS, Alexandria, LA, 2004 & 2005 & 2008

Professional Experience

1987-Present Research Archaeologist, LAMAR Institute, Inc., Savannah, GA.

1995-2004 Senior Archaeologist, Southern Research, Ellerslie, GA.

1998-1999 Archaeologist, Elderhostel Programs, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA.

1994-1995 Archaeologist, Diachronic Research Foundation, Columbia, S.C.

1992-1994 Senior Archaeologist, Garrow & Associates, Inc., Athens, GA.

1993 Archaeologist, French Huguenot Project, Francis Marion National Forest, S.C., Yale University.

1991 Archaeologist, Tutu Archaeological Project. St. Thomas, U. S. Virgin Islands.

1990 Archaeologist, Hurricane Hugo Archaeological Recordation Project, Government of the Virgin Islands, St. Thomas and St. Croix, U. S. Virgin Islands.

1990 Archaeologist, Law Environmental, Inc., Kennesaw, GA.

1989 Archaeologist, Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, N.C.

1988-1992 Archaeologist, Southeastern Archeological Services, Inc., Athens, GA.

1988-1994 Archaeologist, New South Associates, Inc., Stone Mountain, GA.

1988-1990 Archaeologist, Brockington and Associates, Inc., Atlanta, GA.

1987 Crew member, Petersburg Underwater Survey Project, Clark Hill Reservoir, GA. East Carolina University, Department of Maritime History and Underwater Research, Greenville, North Carolina.

1986 Volunteer, Lake Phelps Canoe Recordation Project, East Carolina University, Department of Maritime History and Underwater Research, Greenville, N.C.

1986 Volunteer, Underwater Field School, East Carolina University, Department of Maritime History and Underwater Research, Greenville, N.C. and the Bermuda Maritime Museum

1984-1988 Archaeologist, Garrow & Associates, Inc., Atlanta, GA.

1982-1984 Archaeologist, Sumter & Francis Marion National Forests, U.S.D.A. Forest Service, Greenwood, S.C.

1982 Archaeologist, Soil Systems, Inc., Marietta, GA.

1982 Archaeologist, Memphis State University, Department of Anthropology, Memphis, TN.

1981 Archaeologist, Gilbert Commonwealth Associates, Inc., Jackson, MI.

1981 Archaeologist, Southeastern Wildlife Services, Inc., Athens, GA.

1981 Archaeologist, Soil Systems, Inc., Topeka, KS.

1980-1981 Archaeologist, Southeastern Wildlife Services, Inc., Athens, GA.

1980 Archaeologist, Guy Weaver personal services contract with the TVA, Hartsville, TN.

1980 Archaeologist, University of Florida, Department of Anthropology, Gainesville, FL.

1977-1979 Archaeology Research Technician, University of Georgia, Department of Anthropology, Athens, GA.

Ground Penetrating Radar Experience

2002-GPR Survey, New Ebenezer, Effingham County, GA.

2002-GPR Survey, Fort Morris, Liberty County, GA.

2002-GPR Survey, Horton House and Plantation, Jekyll Island, GA.

2003-GPR Survey, Waldburg Street Site, Hope VI Development, Savannah, GA.

2004-GPR Survey, Sunbury, Liberty County, GA.

2004-GPR Survey, Sansavilla Bluff, Wayne County, GA.

2004-GPR Survey, Woodbine Mound and historic cemetery, Woodbine, GA.

2004-GPR Survey, Beaufort National Cemetery and Proposed Expansion Area, Beaufort, S.C.

2005-GPR Survey, North End Plantation, Ossabaw Island, GA.

2005-GPR Survey, Jones Cemetery, Greenwood Plantation, Thomasville, GA.

2005-GPR Survey, Bull Plantation, Coosaw Community Center, Coosaw Island, Beaufort County, S.C.

2006-GPR Survey, Gould-Bethel Cemetery, Chatham County, GA.

2006-GPR Survey, St. Simons Island Village, Glynn County, GA.

2006-GPR Survey, Fort Hawkins, Macon, GA.

2006-GPR Survey, Railroad Ward, Savannah, GA

2006-GPR Survey, Bosomworth-Gwinnett Plantation, St. Catherines Island, GA

2006-GPR Survey, Chocolate Plantation, Sapelo Island, GA

2006-GPR Survey, Tannery, Old Clinton, Jones County, GA

2006-GPR Survey, Fort St. Andrews, Cumberland Island, GA

2006-GPR Survey, Bullhead Bluff Cemetery, Camden County, GA

2006-GPR Survey, Beaulieu Plantation, Chatham County, GA

2007-GPR Survey, Nash Farm Battlefield, Lovejoy, GA

2007-GPR Survey, Fort Jackson National Historic Site, Savannah, GA

2008-GPR Survey, Theus Plantation, Beaufort County, SC

2008-GPR Survey, Savannah Revolutionary War Battlefield, Savannah, GA

Selected Publications

2002 Ground Penetrating Radar Survey at the Horton House Site. Rocquemore Radar Research, Box Springs, Georgia. Submitted to Southern Research, Ellerslie, Georgia.

2003 Archaeological Investigations at Fort Morris State Historic Site, Liberty County, Georgia. Southern Research, Ellerslie, Georgia.

Elliott, Daniel T., and K. E. Sassaman

1995 Archaic Period Archaeology of the Georgia Coastal Plain and Coastal Zone. Georgia Archaeological Research Design Papers Nos. 7 and 8. University of Georgia, Athens.

Elliott, Rita F., and D. T. Elliott

2000 Guten Tag Bubba: Germans in the Colonial South. In Colonial Adaptations to the New World: A View from Georgia and the Carolinas, edited by J. Joseph, III, and M. Zierden. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.

Mark Williams, and Daniel T. Elliott, editors

1998 A World Engraved, Archaeology of the Swift Creek Culture. University of Alabama Press, University, Alabama.

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